Medicine and the Inquisition in Portugal (sixteenth and seventeenth centuries): People and Books

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Abstract

The Tribunal of the Inquisition was established in Portugal in 1536. This paper deals with three aspects concerning medicine in sixteenth- and seventeenth-century Portugal: the institution and its members, the medical practitioners, and the books. On the one hand, doctors were necessary to carry out specific duties in the life of the Inquisition. On the other hand, a significant percentage of the victims of the Inquisition were medi- cal professionals, the overwhelming majority being New Christians accused of Judaism. Finally, as did the Roman and Spanish Inquisitions, the Portuguese Holy Office looked after the censorship of books, many of which dealt with medical matters.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)92-113
Number of pages22
JournalEarly Science and Medicine
Volume23
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Keywords

  • Censorship
  • Jewish physicians
  • Magic
  • Medicine
  • New Christians
  • Portuguese inquisition

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