Here, we report elastic differential cross sections (DCSs) for electron scattering from water in the incident energy range of 2-100 eV. Furthermore, we present a complete study on the electronic excitation of the (a) over tilde B-3(1) and (A) over tilde B-1(1) states at electron impact energies of 15, 20, and 30 eV and in the scattering angle range of 10. -130.. Integral cross sections (ICSs) are determined from the DCSs. Measuring elastic DCSs in various experimental conditions confirmed the reproducibility of the data. The present results agree with the data previously obtained from a conventional collimating tube gas source. Ambiguities associated with the unfolding procedure of the electron energy loss (EEL) spectra for the electronic excitations have been reduced by comparison against the EEL spectrum at high electron impact energy and for small scattering angle. The reliability of the extracted DCSs is improved significantly for optically forbidden contributions from the overlap of the (a) over tilde B-3(1) and (A) over tilde B-1(1) electronic states. The BEf-scaling model is also confirmed to produce the integral cross section for the optical allowed transition of the (A) over tilde B-1(1) state in the intermediate electron energy region above 15 eV.
- Atomic and Molecular Collisions