Matrix vesicles (MVs) are cell-derived membranous entities crucial for mineral formation in the extracellular matrix. One of the dominant groups of constitutive proteins present in MVs, recognised as regulators of mineralization in norm and pathology, are annexins. In this report, besides the annexins already described (AnxA2 and AnxA6), we identified AnxA1 and AnxA7, but not AnxA4, to become selectively enriched in MVs of Saos-2 cells upon stimulation for mineralization. Among them, AnxA6 was found to be almost EGTA-non extractable from matrix vesicles. Moreover, our report provides the first evidence of annexin-binding S100 proteins to be present in MVs of mineralizing cells. We observed that S100A10 and S100A6, but not S100A11, were selectively translocated to the MVs of Saos-2 cells upon mineralization. This observation provides the rationale for more detailed studies on the role of annexin-Si 00 interactions in MV-mediated mineralization.
|Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
|Published - 1 Jan 2011