Materials for damping the PTC

induced thermal fluctuations of the cold-head

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The cold head on mechanical Pulse Tube Cryocoolers (PTCs) is subject to substantially less mechanical vibration and electromagnetic interference compared to that typically found in Gifford MacMahon coolers. However, thermal fluctuations at the PTC frequency are still present at the cold-head, typically at a level of 200 mK peak-to-peak at 1.4 Hz for a Cryomech Model PT405 cooler running at 4 K. It is highly desirable to damp out these fluctuations if PTCs are to be used successfully for running systems sensitive to such thermal fluctuations, for example, bolometeric detectors.

We report here the characterization over the temperature range 2.5 K to 6 K of two materials, GOS (Gd2O2S) and GAP (GdAlO3), for use as low-pass thermal filters. These materials have antiferromagnetic transitions at around 4 K giving rise to an enhanced heat capacity and have a high thermal conductance. These are two highly desirable properties for thermal dampers in this application. Those materials were fired as ceramic discs to be tested as thermal dumpers. Thermal filter assemblies with discs of diameter 75 mm and thickness 2.5 mm and 1.6 mm (GOS and GAP, respectively) mounted in a PTC show thermal attenuation levels of xO. 12 (GOS) and x 0.11 (GAP) at 0.01Hz with a clean-side temperature of 4 K; the PTC induced fluctuations at 1.48 Hz are damped completely to within the noise limits (0.2 mK) of the thermometers. Experimentally determined thermal conductance and heat capacity data are reported. For this system, with a PTC cold-head (dirty-side) temperature of 3.3 K, a clean-side power dissipation of up to 30 mW is realized before its temperature rises above 4.2 K.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering
PublisherIop Publishing
Volume102
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015
EventCryogenic Engineering Conference (CEC) - International Cryogenic Materials Conference (ICMC) -
Duration: 1 Jan 2015 → …

Publication series

NameIOP Conference Series-Materials Science and Engineering
PublisherIOP Publishing

Conference

ConferenceCryogenic Engineering Conference (CEC) - International Cryogenic Materials Conference (ICMC)
Period1/01/15 → …

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Keywords

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Cite this

Catarino, M. I. S., & Martins, D. (2015). Materials for damping the PTC: induced thermal fluctuations of the cold-head. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (Vol. 102). [012014] (IOP Conference Series-Materials Science and Engineering). Iop Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899X/102/1/012014