March 2020: 31 days that will reshape tourism

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Lessons from previous endemics/pandemics show which type/timing of public health measures had a significant influence on the impact of diseases. However, those show that public health measures and travel restrictions represent a significant burden on countries’ economies, especially in the tourism industry. This study aims to investigate whether a country’s dependence on tourism might influence the time/nature of pandemic mitigation measures and the impact of the pandemic on tourism, particularly in the hospitality sector. To achieve a comprehensive/multidimensional perspective, 12 European countries were studied based on the collection of data from 6 different sources: cases/deaths caused by the disease, economic indicators, public health measures, rooms supply/demand, reservation/cancellation rates, demographic and healthcare system characteristics. Using data science techniques/methods allowed to verify that the dependence of some countries on tourism did not make them to have a different behaviour in terms of the application of measures. Despite the differences in the timings/types of measures implemented, tourism was highly affected in all countries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2768–2783
Number of pages16
JournalCurrent Issues in Tourism
Issue number19
Early online date25 Dec 2020
Publication statusPublished - 2 Oct 2021


  • Covid-19
  • crisis
  • data science
  • epidemics
  • hospitality
  • pandemics


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