Mapping a New Familial Thyroid Epithelial Neoplasia Susceptibility Locus to Chromosome 8p23.1-p22 by High-Density Single-Nucleotide Polymorphism Genome-Wide Linkage Analysis

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Abstract

ontext: Familial nonmedullary thyroid carcinoma (FNMTC) accounts for approximately 5% of all thyroid tumors. Genetic mapping studies have identified four different chromosomal regions predisposing to FNMTC: fPTC/PRN (1p13.2-1q22), NMTC1 (2q21), MNG1 (14q32), and TCO (19p13.2). Objective: Our objective was to map the gene predisposing to familial thyroid epithelial neoplasia in a large Portuguese family. Methods and Results: The clinical screening of a Portuguese family identified 11 members affected with benign thyroid lesions and five affected with thyroid carcinomas. Linkage analysis excluded the involvement of the fPTC/PRN, NMTC1, MNG1, and TCO loci. To map the gene predisposing to thyroid epithelial neoplasia in this family, a genome-wide linkage analysis was conducted, using DNA samples from 17 family members and high-density single-nucleotide polymorphism arrays. A genome-wide significant evidence of linkage, to a single region on chromosome 8p23.1-p22 was obtained, with a maximum parametric haplotype-based LOD score of 4.41 (theta = 0.00). Linkage analysis with microsatellite markers confirmed linkage to 8q23.1-p22, and recombination events delimited the minimal region to a 7.46-Mb span. Seventeen suggestive candidate genes located in the minimal region were excluded as susceptibility genes by mutational analysis. Allelic losses in the 8p23.1-p22 region were absent in seven thyroid tumors from family members, suggesting that the inactivation of a putative tumor suppressor gene may have occurred through other mechanisms. Conclusions: Our results present evidence for the existence of a novel familial thyroid epithelial neoplasia susceptibility locus on chromosome 8p23.1-p22, providing the basis for the identification of a gene for this disease. (J Clin Endocrinol Metab 93: 4426-4430, 2008)
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4426-4430
Number of pages5
JournalJournal Of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism
Volume93
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

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