In this study, machine learning algorithms were investigated for the classification of organic molecules with one carbon chiral center according to the sign of optical rotation. Diverse heterogeneous data sets comprising up to 13,080 compounds and their corresponding optical rotation were retrieved from Reaxys and processed independently for three solvents: dichloromethane, chloroform, and methanol. The molecular structures were represented by chiral descriptors based on the physicochemical and topological properties of ligands attached to the chiral center. The sign of optical rotation was predicted by random forests (RF) and artificial neural networks for independent test sets with an accuracy of up to 75% for dichloromethane, 82% for chloroform, and 82% for methanol. RF probabilities and the availability of structures in the training set with the same spheres of atom types around the chiral center defined applicability domains in which the accuracy is higher.