Luminescent ln-ionic liquids beyond europium

Cláudia C. L. Pereira, José Manuel Carretas, Bernardo Monteiro, João Paulo Leal

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Searching in the Web of Knowledge for “ionic liquids” AND “luminescence” AND “lan-thanide”, around 260 entries can be found, of which a considerable number refer solely or primarily to europium (90%, ~234). Europium has been deemed the best lanthanide for luminescent applications, mainly due to its efficiency in sensitization, longest decay times, and the ability to use its luminescence spectra to probe the coordination geometry around the metal. The remaining lanthanides can also be of crucial importance due to their different colors, sensitivity, and capability as probes. In this manuscript, we intend to shed some light on the existing published work on the remaining lanthanides. In some cases, they appear in papers with europium, but frequently in a subordinate position, and in fewer cases then the main protagonist of the study. All of them will be assessed and presented in a concise manner; they will be divided into two main categories: lanthanide compounds dissolved in ionic liquids, and lanthanide-based ionic liquids. Finally, some analysis of future trends is carried out highlighting some future promising fields, such as ionogels.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4834
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - 10 Aug 2021


  • Ionic liquids
  • Lanthanides
  • Luminescence
  • NIR
  • Spectroscopy


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