Local climatic adaptation in a widespread microorganism

Jean Baptiste Leducq, Guillaume Charron, Pedram Samani, Alexandre K. Dubé, Kayla Sylvester, Brielle James, Pedro Almeida, José Paulo Sampaio, Chris Todd Hittinger, Graham Bell, Christian R. Landry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Exploring the abilityof organismstolocally adapt is critical for determining the outcome of rapid climate changes, yet few studies have addressed this question in microorganisms. We investigated the role of a heterogeneous climate on adaptation of North American populations of the wild yeast Saccharomyces paradoxus. We found abundant among-strain variation for fitness components across a range of temperatures, but this variation was only partially explained by climatic variation in the distribution area. Most of fitness variation was explained by the divergence of genetically distinct groups, distributed along a north-south cline, suggesting that these groups have adapted to distinct climatic conditions. Within-group fitness components were correlated with climatic conditions, illustrating that even ubiquitous microorganisms locally adapt and harbour standing genetic variation for climate-related traits. Our results suggest that global climatic changes could lead to adaptation to new conditions within groups, or changes in their geographical distributions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number20132472
JournalProceedings Of The Royal Society B-Biological Sciences
Volume281
Issue number1777
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Feb 2014

Keywords

  • Climate adaptation
  • Freeze-thaw survival
  • Global warming
  • Saccharomyces paradoxus
  • Temperature-dependent fitness

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