(Liquid + liquid) equilibria of (polystyrene + nitroethane). Molecular weight, pressure, and isotope effects

Hermínio C. De Sousa, Luís P. N. Rebelo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report experimental cloud-point and spinodal data on the solubility of (polystyrene + nitroethane) as a function of temperature (265 < T/K < 345), weight fraction of polystyrene (0 < wps < 0.30), pressure (0 < p/MPa < 6.5), polystyrene (PS) molecular weight (13000 < Mw/a.m.u. < 130000), and H/D isotope substitution on PS and/or nitroethane. A new high-precision apparatus based on a LASER light scattering technique was built and is described. Only phase transitions of the UCS type have been experimentally observed. Apparently, nitroethane degrades at high temperatures (T ≈ 420 K). Results show that the effects of increasing pressure or increasing the degree of deuteration on the polymer increase miscibility. In contrast, solvent deuteration decreases miscibility. Nitroethane seems to be a theta-solvent for polystyrene and therefore does not present any hypercritical temperature within the range of conditions of the experimental measurements, which have included the study of solutions slightly under tension.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)355-387
Number of pages33
JournalJournal of Chemical Thermodynamics
Volume32
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2000

Keywords

  • (liquid + liquid) equilibrium
  • Light scattering
  • Polymer solutions
  • Polystyrene + nitroethane
  • Pressure and isotope effects

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