Lipase catalysed mono and di-acylation of secondary alcohols with succinic anhydride in organic media and ionic liquids

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Abstract

The acylation of the model substrate (R,S)-2-octanol with succinic anhydride catalysed by immobilised Candida antarctica lipase B was studied in two water-miscible organic solvents, two water-immiscible ones, nine 1-alkyl-3-methylimidazolium ionic liquids (RTILs) and two quaternary ammonium RTILs. From previous reports, the reaction was expected to yield an acidic half ester (hemiester). However, it was found that the diester was also produced, in many cases at an even higher yield. The major reaction products were the (R)-hemiester and the (R,R)-diester. In some of the solvents, the amount of hemiester formed increased and then remained constant, whereas in others the amount of hemiester first peaked and then decayed. This behaviour could be explained by the coupling of two reaction pathways: the hydrolysis of the hemiester, and the esterification of the hemiester. The solubility limit of succinic acid, produced in the former pathway, was found to be a discriminating parameter, the precipitation of the acid acting as a driving force for the consumption of the hemiester formed. The impact of the choice of solvent on the outcome of the acylation with succinic anhydride was confirmed by conducting the reaction on a preparative scale: in acetonitrile, the reaction produced 32% (w/w) of (R)-hemiester and 68% (w/w) of (R,R)-diester, whereas in tetrahydrofuran 85% (w/w) of (R)-hemiester and 15% (w/w) of (R,R)-diester were obtained.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)243-248
Number of pages6
JournalGreen Chemistry
Volume10
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 8 Feb 2008

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