Linear analysis of pattern formation in nematics in oblique magnetic fields

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Abstract

The dynamics of nematic director field reorientation in non-Freedericksz geometries, after a magnetic field H is applied at an oblique angle relatively to the initial homogeneous director n 0 (H not normal to n 0), is studied considering a magnetic reorientation driven by hydrodynamic instabilities (with backflow). This study is carried out for bounded samples between two parallel plates with planar boundary conditions and with rigid anchoring. Linear stability and wave vector selection analysis predict that, when the angle of the magnetic to the initial director field is increased, for a given magnetic field intensity, two transitions from a homogeneous to a transient distorted director field reorientation can occur: a transition at a first critical angle to an aperiodic distorted director field and a transition at a second critical angle to a periodic distorted director field. It is shown that the periodic mode is cut off at a higher reduced field when the magnetic field acts away from the normal direction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)517-524
Number of pages8
JournalLiquid Crystals
Volume26
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1999

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