Light Irradiation of Gold Nanoparticles Toward Advanced Cancer Therapeutics

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38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cancer is one of the leading causes of death in the world. To challenge this epidemic, there are growing demands for the development of new advanced and targeted therapeutics capable of effectively tackling cancer cells with improved selectivity. Nanomedicine has put forward several innovative therapeutics toward improving therapeutic efficacy while decreasing the deleterious side effects of current chemotherapy. Multifunctional gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) have been at the core of a plethora of advanced therapeutic strategies that provide selective targeting with their unique optical properties, capable to interact with the light of specific wavelength to deliver therapy with tremendous spatiotemporal precision. AuNPs have been exploited as photodynamic and photothermal therapeutic agents alone or in combination with other cancer treatment modalities with other cancer applications. Due to their exceptional physicochemical properties, they have been proven efficacious allies for photodynamic therapy and for photothermal therapy regimens. Herein, the rapidly progressing literature related to the use of these promising strategies against cancer is discussed, highlighting their possible future clinical translation.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1900153
JournalAdvanced Therapeutics
Volume3
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2020

Keywords

  • cancer
  • gold nanoparticles
  • nanomedicine
  • photodynamic therapy
  • photothermal therapy

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