L’iconographie du travail et la culture de l’alimentation: élaborations figuratives dans la production enluminée liturgique de Émilie-Romagne au XIIe siécle

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Between the end of the ninth and the middle of the eleventh century, an ideological schema subdividing the society into three ordines - oratores, bellatores, laboratores - developped in Western Europe. Each one of them was connoted by a specific function and exercised it for the entire society. In a deeply ruralized background, the laboratores and their work represented a fundamental food source for the society as well as for the Church. This role, made their importance grew higher than that of the other orders. This new social care model needed symbols making it perceptible and communicable also at a physical and touchable level. The representation of Labours of the Months was one of those symbols and was disciplined by cultural mediation by secular and religious authority. This paper aims at analysing the iconographic cycles of Labours of the Months in two illuminated liturgical manuscripts in Emilia-Romagna - Northern Italy - during the twelfth century. It demonstrates how these illuminations depict not only the time of work but also the time of food.
Original languageFrench
Title of host publicationImagens e Liturgia na Idade Média
EditorsCarla Varela Fernandes
Place of PublicationLisboa
PublisherSecretariado Nacional para os Bens Culturais da Igreja
Number of pages22
ISBN (Print)978-989-97257-6-8
Publication statusPublished - 2015


  • Enluminure Medieval
  • Manuscrits

Cite this