Between the end of the ninth and the middle of the eleventh century, an ideological schema subdividing the society into three ordines - oratores, bellatores, laboratores - developped in Western Europe. Each one of them was connoted by a specific function and exercised it for the entire society. In a deeply ruralized background, the laboratores and their work represented a fundamental food source for the society as well as for the Church. This role, made their importance grew higher than that of the other orders. This new social care model needed symbols making it perceptible and communicable also at a physical and touchable level. The representation of Labours of the Months was one of those symbols and was disciplined by cultural mediation by secular and religious authority. This paper aims at analysing the iconographic cycles of Labours of the Months in two illuminated liturgical manuscripts in Emilia-Romagna - Northern Italy - during the twelfth century. It demonstrates how these illuminations depict not only the time of work but also the time of food.
|Title of host publication||Imagens e Liturgia na Idade Média|
|Editors||Carla Varela Fernandes|
|Place of Publication||Lisboa|
|Publisher||Secretariado Nacional para os Bens Culturais da Igreja|
|Number of pages||22|
|Publication status||Published - 2015|
- Enluminure Medieval