Leishmania infantum: mixed T-helper-1/T-helper-2 immune response in experimentally infected BALB/c mice

Nuno Rolão, Sofia Cortes, Sandra Gomes-Pereira, Lenea Campino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)


The main goal of the present study was to characterise the course of infection and immunological responses developed by Leishmania infantum infected BALB/c mice. Parasite load was determined by Real-time TaqMan PCR while cytokine and Immunoglobulin G (IgG) production were assessed by ELISA. Leishmania DNA was detected in spleen and liver as soon as day 1 post-inoculation (pi) and the parasitism was sustained until the end of the experiment. The cytokine kinetics in spleen and liver was generally associated with the oscillations of parasite load. Overall, it was not observed a distinct Th1 or Th2 pattern of cytokine production during the time of experiment. The infected mice developed a mixed immune response, with concomitant production of IFN-gamma, IL-4 and IL-10, both in spleen and liver, and both IgG isotypes. However, our results suggest that, compared to liver, the spleen is more susceptible to L. infantum infection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)270-276
Number of pages7
JournalExperimental Parasitology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2007


  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Protozoan
  • Cytokines
  • DNA, Protozoan
  • Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
  • Female
  • Immunoglobulin G
  • Kinetics
  • Leishmania infantum
  • Leishmaniasis, Visceral
  • Liver
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred BALB C
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Spleen
  • Th1 Cells
  • Th2 Cells
  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't


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