The progressive scaling of CMOS technology towards nanometre sizes has made the implementation of highly integrated systems for the wireless communication systems possible. Additionally, higher speed, lower power consumption and area reduction has been reached. Due to the high-density integration needs, as well as to low cost fabrication, RF applications, such as the LC-voltage controlled oscillator (LC-VCO), are usually implemented in CMOS technology. The complexity of designing LC-VCOs has lead to the development of several design methodologies. This chapter introduces an optimization based methodology for the design of LC-VCOs, where its efficiency is granted by the use of analytical models to characterize the active and passive elements' behaviour.
Original languageUnknown
Title of host publicationAnalog/RF and Mixed-Signal Circuit Systematic Design
EditorsMourad Fahkfahk, Esteban Tlelo-Cuautle, Rafael Castro-Lpoez
Place of PublicationBerlin
ISBN (Print)978-3-642-36328-3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2013

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Electrical Engineering
ISSN (Print)1876-1100

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