Lathyrus sativus Resistance Against the Existing and Emerging Pathogens Erysiphe pisi and E. trifolii: A Case of Commonalities or Total Discrepancy?

Davide Martins, Carmen Santos, Ana Margarida Sampaio, Diego Rubiales, Maria Carlota Vaz Patto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Powdery mildew on Lathyrus sativus (grass pea) is commonly caused by Erysiphe pisi, the causal agent of pea powdery mildew. E. trifolii could also pose an additional threat to grass pea, as it does to pea (Pisum sativum). In order to understand the potential threat and the availability of resistance sources, the response to both pathogens was analyzed on a worldwide germplasm collection of 189 grass pea accessions. Infection type and disease severity (DS) of grass pea accessions, independently inoculated with E. pisi and E. trifolii, were evaluated under controlled conditions. A wide range of responses were detected, with the previously uncharacterized partial resistance to E. trifolii in grass pea detected less frequently and uncorrelated with partial resistance against E. pisi. To test for the lack of correlation at the genetic level, an exploratory association mapping study was undertaken by statistically combining grass pea collection DS scores against both pathogens, with 5,651 previously screened genotype-by-sequencing-based single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP). Mostly different genetic regions in grass pea were identified as being associated with the response to E. trifolii and E. pisi, anticipating an independent genetic basis that requires further validation in larger germplasm collections, with higher SNP densities. This study proposes common and unique partial resistance components against two different powdery mildews, implying the need for complementary approaches to introduce resistance to both pathogens into new grass pea varieties. The identified sources of resistance and predicted genomic targets will assist in breeding for resistance to multiple powdery mildews.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)866-872
Number of pages7
JournalPhytopathology
Volume113
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2023

Keywords

  • grass pea
  • oligogenic control
  • partial resistance
  • powdery mildew

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