Lateral cyclic behaviour of RC columns confined with carbon fibres

Pedro Faustino, Pedro Frade, Carlos Chastre

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Reinforced concrete (RC) columns with various strengthening systems and different conditions were tested to cyclic lateral and axial loading for the purpose of performance assessment. Tests included confinement strengthening with carbon-fiber-reinforced polymer (CFRP) sheets, longitudinal strengthening with CFRP laminates and confining CFRP jacket, longitudinal strengthening with stainless steel bars and confining CFRP jacket, tested column until reinforcing steel failure, repair and CFRP confining jacket, and longitudinal strengthening with stainless steel bars. The analysis of the tests results as to load-displacement relationship and energy dissipation led to the conclusion that the use of external longitudinal strengthening with CFRP confinement is effective for performance retrofitting and upgrading, and viable in terms of execution. The load capacity increase due to strengthening reached 36–46% with good ductile behaviour. Nonlinear numerical modelling was carried out using two approaches which represent reasonably well the global performance of the studied columns for the prediction of the ascending load-displacement relationship and the peak load values in each cycle.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)196-206
Number of pages11
JournalStructures
Volume5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • carbon fibres
  • Confinement
  • Cyclic behaviour
  • Nonlinear modelling
  • Longitudinal strengthening
  • Reinforced concrete columns
  • Stainless steel

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