Late medieval Iberia: the perception of Ambassador Nikolaus Lanckman von Valckenstein

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On 12 November of the year 1451, the follow-up party of the Infanta D. Leonor (1434-1467), second daughter of D. Duarte (1391-1438) and sister of King Afonso V (1432-1481), departed from Portugal to Italy, for confirmation of her marriage to the Emperor Habsburg Frederick III (1415-1493), already concluded by contract in Naples on 10 December of the previous year, and by proxy at the Portuguese court in late July of that year. In this last act, Nicholas of Valkenstein, one of the ambassadors sent by the emperor, left an impressive narrative where he explores the human and physical landscape of the Iberian spaces where he passed. What identity or identities spring from your testimony? How does he characterize the geography he met on his journey? And above all, how does he describe the people of the Peninsula?
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAlteridad Ibérica
Subtitle of host publicationel otro en la Edad Media
EditorsPedro Martínez García
Place of PublicationMurcia
PublisherSociedad Española de Estudios Medievales
Number of pages22
ISBN (Electronic)978-84-17865-70-2
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2021


  • Late medieval Iberia
  • Identity constructions
  • Otherness
  • Diplomacy
  • Pilgrimage
  • Travel


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