Last Interglacial Iberian Neandertals as fisher-hunter-gatherers

J. Zilhão, D. E. Angelucci, M. Araújo Igreja, L. J. Arnold, E. Badal, P. Callapez, J. L. Cardoso, F. d’Errico, J. Daura, M. Demuro, M. Deschamps, Catherine Dupont, S. Gabriel, D. L. Hoffmann, P. Legoinha, Henrique Matias, A. M. Monge Soares, M. Nabais, Paulo J. Cesário Portela, A. QueffelecFátima Rodrigues, Pedro Souto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Marine food–reliant subsistence systems such as those in the African Middle Stone Age (MSA) were not thought to exist in Europe until the much later Mesolithic. Whether this apparent lag reflects taphonomic biases or behavioral distinctions between archaic and modern humans remains much debated. Figueira Brava cave, in the Arrábida range (Portugal), provides an exceptionally well preserved record of Neandertal coastal resource exploitation on a comparable scale to the MSA and dated to ~86 to 106 thousand years ago. The breadth of the subsistence base—pine nuts, marine invertebrates, fish, marine birds and mammals, tortoises, waterfowl, and hoofed game—exceeds that of regional early Holocene sites. Fisher-hunter-gatherer economies are not the preserve of anatomically modern people; by the Last Interglacial, they were in place across the Old World in the appropriate settings.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbereaaz7943
JournalScience
Volume367
Issue number6485
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Mar 2020

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