Large-Area Paper Batteries with Ag and Zn/Ag Screen-Printed Electrodes

Diogo Miguel Esperança Garcia, Ana Sofia Taborda Martins Pereira, António Carranca Almeida, Urbez Santana Roma, Alejandra Ben Aissa Soler, Paul D. Lacharmoise, Isabel Maria Mercês Ferreira, Claúdia Custódio Delgado Simão

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)
82 Downloads (Pure)


Large-area paper batteries have been explored in this paper, correlating electrode materials and screen printing with the electrochemical performances. The use of office paper embedded in salt solution with two electrodes performed by an easy and large-scale application technique opens doors to a new concept of energy storage. The proposed device is Li-free and uses zinc and silver powder-based screen printable pastes to deposit the electrodes. Cyclic voltammetry and charge-discharge curves reveal the performance of the produced devices using NaCl and KOH solutions in different concentrations. The simulation of electrochemical impedance spectroscopy measurements gave clue of a similar working mechanism to conventional Li-ion batteries. After charging, a single paper battery achieves 1.83 V with 60 mA/cm2 and 90.6% charge-discharge efficiency. As a proof of concept, a small paper battery and a set integrated in series and parallel were used to power a commercial red light-emitting diode.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16781-16788
Number of pages8
JournalACS Omega
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - 15 Oct 2019


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