Landforms and Geology of the Serra de Sintra and Its Surroundings

Maria Carla Kullberg, José Carlos Kullberg

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

The Serra de Sintra is a landmark on the western coast of the Iberian Peninsula, resulting from the intrusion of a complex of alkaline igneous bodies during the upper Cretaceous in a stretched continental passive margin associated with the opening of the Atlantic Ocean. It is a differential erosion mountain standing out on a coastal plateau laid over the Mesozoic sedimentary rocks of the Lusitanian Basin and where the Cenozoic materials are scarce, difficult to date and essentially of continental facies. The morphological evolution of the Serra de Sintra reflects its progressive isostatic rebound and the work of marine erosion combined with Quaternary fluvial retouching.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationLandscapes and Landforms of Portugal
EditorsG. Vieira, J. Zêzere , C. Mora
Place of PublicationCham
PublisherSpringer
Pages251-264
Number of pages14
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-319-03641-0
ISBN (Print)978-3-319-03640-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Publication series

NameWorld Geomorphological Landscapes
PublisherSpringer
ISSN (Print)2213-2090
ISSN (Electronic)2213-2104

Keywords

  • Coastal dunes
  • Granite landforms
  • Hanging valleys
  • Raised beaches
  • Raised wave-cut platforms
  • Serra de Sintra

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  • Cite this

    Kullberg, M. C., & Kullberg, J. C. (2020). Landforms and Geology of the Serra de Sintra and Its Surroundings. In G. Vieira, J. Zêzere , & C. Mora (Eds.), Landscapes and Landforms of Portugal (pp. 251-264). (World Geomorphological Landscapes). Cham: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-03641-0_19