Land for Life in Brazil: Conservation and People

Carlos A.M. Gonzaga, Patrícia Denkewicz, Alison Laurie Neilson, Rui Pedro Julião

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


This article presents a case study on social-environmental conflicts in a maritime community on a tourist island in Brazil. The place used to be a common-pool resource for local Caa-Icaras fishers populations. The establishment of two Environmental Protection Areas on the island restricted land use and imposed population resettlements. This causes communities’ economic disruption and led to disputes for social-environmental justice on spatial regulation. The research procedures were local observation, document review, and bibliographic analysis. Results show that the enforced spatial planning, separating humans from nature, violates both human rights and constitutional protection of Brazilian indigenous communities. The case shows that enforced environmental protection model is paradoxical with sustainable development objectives, because this degraded life quality of vulnerable populations. Following a long term judicial dispute, lawmakers settled new legal framework. Meanwhile, the community had become just a ghost of what it once was.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationWorld Sustainability Series
EditorsWalter Leal Filho, Diogo Guedes Vidal, Maria Alzira Pimenta Dinis, Ricardo Cunha Dias
Place of PublicationCham
Number of pages15
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-030-86304-3
ISBN (Print)978-3-030-86303-6
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Publication series

NameWorld Sustainability Series
ISSN (Print)2199-7373
ISSN (Electronic)2199-7381


  • Biodiversity conservation
  • Land-use policy
  • Social-environmental conflict
  • Spatial planning
  • Sustainable development


Dive into the research topics of 'Land for Life in Brazil: Conservation and People'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this