Knowledge, Attitude and Practices towards the Prevention of Schistosomiasis Mansoni in an Endemic Area of Alagoas, Northeast Brazil

Adriano José dos Santos, Shirley Verônica Melo Almeida Lima, Alvaro Francisco Lopes de Sousa, Aytana Vasconcelos dos Santos, Israel Gomes de Amorim Santos, Márcio Bezerra Santos, Vera Lucia Corrêa Feitosa, Allan Dantas dos Santos, Juliana Cristina Magnani Primão, Denise de Andrade, José Rodrigo Santos Silva

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Abstract

We analyzed the knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) of schistosomiasis mansoni prevention in an endemic area of Brazil. This cross-sectional study was conducted between March and May 2021, with 412 participants living in the municipality of Feira Grande, Alagoas, Brazil. Data collection occurred through visits to the Health Center Urbano II and Massapê, through an interview with a structured questionnaire to identify the levels of KAP regarding schistosomiasis prevention. Of all respondents, 70.87% lived in rural areas, 22.66% reported a history of past schistosomiasis and 52.71% never participated in schistosomiasis control program actions. Factors associated with better KAP scores were being part of an older age group, not using rainwater and having no history of past schistosomiasis. Specifically, among the domains, attitude was the highest score and knowledge was the lowest. Participation in a health intervention program, knowing someone who had schistosomiasis and having been informed through a public health program seemed to have an important impact on the population’s KAP. Our results contributed to broadening perceptions about schistosomiasis prevention, highlighting the positive impacts that health programs and interventions have on disease control.

Original languageEnglish
Article number34
JournalTropical Medicine and Infectious Disease
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2023

Keywords

  • attitude
  • endemic diseases
  • health education
  • knowledge
  • neglected tropical diseases
  • practices
  • prevention
  • public health
  • Schistosoma mansoni

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