Kinetics of Torque Teno Virus Viral Load Is Associated with Infection and De Novo Donor Specific Antibodies in the First Year after Kidney Transplantation: A Prospective Cohort Study

Sara Querido, Catarina Martins, Perpétua Gomes, Maria Ana Pessanha, Maria Jorge Arroz, Teresa Adragão, Ana Casqueiro, Regina Oliveira, Inês Costa, Jorge Azinheira, Paulo Paixão, André Weigert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
17 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Torque teno virus (TTV) was recently identified as a potential biomarker for the degree of immunosuppression, and potentially as a predictor of rejection and infection in solid organ transplant patients. We evaluated TTV viral load in kidney transplant (KT) patients during the first year post-transplant to examine overall kinetics and their relationships with deleterious events, including episodes of infection and the formation of de novo donor-specific antibodies (DSAs). In a single-center, prospective observational cohort study, 81 KT patients were monitored at baseline, week 1, and month 1, 3, 6, 9 and 12, post-KT, and whenever required by clinical events. Kidney function, plasma TTV load, immunoglobulins and lymphocyte subpopulations were assessed at each time point. Twenty-six patients (32.1%) presented a total of 38 infection episodes post-KT. Induction immunosuppression with thymoglobulin, compared to basiliximab, was not associated with more infections (p = 0.8093). Patients with infectious events had lower T-cells (p = 0.0500), CD8+ T-cells (p = 0.0313) and B-cells (p = 0.0009) 1 month post-KT, compared to infection-free patients. Patients with infection also showed higher increases in TTV viral loads between week 1- month 1, post-KT, with TTV viral load variations >2.65 log10 cp/mL predicting the development of infectious events during the 12-month study period (p < 0.0001; sensitivity 99.73%; specificity 83.67%). Patients who developed de novo DSAs had lower TTV DNA viral loads at month 12 after KT, compared to patients who did not develop DSA (3.7 vs. 5.3 log10 cp/mL, p = 0.0023). Briefly, evaluating early TTV viremia is a promising strategy for defining infectious risk in the 1st year post-KT. The availability of standardized commercial real-time PCR assays is crucial to further validate this as an effective tool guiding immunosuppression prescription.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1464
JournalViruses
Volume15
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2023

Keywords

  • donor-specific antibodies
  • immunosuppression
  • infection
  • kidney transplant
  • Torquetenovirus

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Kinetics of Torque Teno Virus Viral Load Is Associated with Infection and De Novo Donor Specific Antibodies in the First Year after Kidney Transplantation: A Prospective Cohort Study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this