Kinetic modeling studies of ethylene polymerization reactions using supported chromium catalysts

I. Matos, Y. Zhang, M. A. N. D. A. Lemos, Filipe Freire, I. F. Fonseca, M. M. Marques, F. Lemos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Kinetic models for ethylene polymerization based on a general coordination-insertion mechanism, in which either a monocoordinated species or a bicoordinated species could lead to migratory insertion, were constructed. These models were implemented through the solution of a set of differential equations resulting from the material balances for all the species involved. The application of these kinetic models to monomer consumption for different supported catalysts produced very good fittings and allowed the estimation of the kinetic rate constants of each elementary step. Although the same kinetic scheme was used to describe all the observations, the results of the fitting showed that the supported chromium species behaved very differently according to the support. Only in the case of the silica-supported catalysts was mechanical fragmentation of the particles observed during the course of the reaction, and this implied the inclusion of a new term in the model.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3464-3472
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Polymer Science, Part A: Polymer Chemistry
Volume42
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jul 2004

Keywords

  • Chromium catalysts
  • Kinetics (polym.)
  • Modeling
  • Polyethylene (PE)
  • Supports

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