Julio-Claudian Lusitanian Amphorae: a Perspective on Selected Contexts from Olisipo (Lisbon, Portugal)

Rodrigo Banha da Silva, Victor Filipe, Rui Roberto de Almeida

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Abstract

The Roman city of Olisipo (Lisbon) was one of the main harbours on the Atlantic façade, with a major role in the circulation of Mediterranean products to the northern provinces. In the Julio-Claudian period it emerged as a major producer of fish products that were packed in amphorae. To analyse and discuss Lusitanian amphorae from this specific period, eight well-dated contexts from excavations in Lisbon (some published, others unpublished), dating from Tiberius to Nero, will be presented.
The study of these contexts shows, on the one hand, that amphorae of early Lusitanian type were a major presence, certainly from Claudius or the early days of Nero, and, on the other hand, that the first amphorae presenting the characteristic forms of typical Dressel 14 appear in the stratigraphy only from the AD 60s onward.
As far as their petrography and provenance are concerned, the macroscopic characteristics of the fabrics of these amphorae reveal that the majority of them must be assigned to the Tagus/Sado basins. Nevertheless, amphorae from other areas of the province, namely Peniche (on the western Atlantic coast) are also present, mainly from the principate of Claudius onwards.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationLusitanian Amphorae
Subtitle of host publicationProduction and Distribution
EditorsInês Vaz Pinto, Rui Roberto de Almeida, Archer Martin
PublisherArchaeopress
Pages153-166
Number of pages13
ISBN (Electronic)978 1 78491 428 8
ISBN (Print)978 1 78491 427 1
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Publication series

NameRoman and Late Antique Mediterranean Pottery
Volume10

Keywords

  • Lisbon
  • Amphorae
  • Roman Economy
  • Early Imperial Contexts
  • Lusitanian Amphorae
  • Early Lusitanian Types
  • Morphological Characterization

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