Motivos jacobeus na emblemática quatrocentista da Casa de Avis

Translated title of the contribution: Jacobean motifs in the fifteenth-century heraldry of the House of Avis

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Abstract

O século XV presenciou uma apropriação dos recursos das ordens militares pela Coroa portuguesa. Inicialmente, tal processo apostou na entrega do governo destas ordens a diversos membros secundogénitos da dinastia, como se fossem apanágios; a partir de D. João II, porém, verificou-se a tendência para a incorporação destes governos na própria Coroa, que se concluiria definitivamente apenas em 1551. Este longo processo foi acompanhado por uma relação estreita entre a emblemática dinástica e os motivos jacobeus. Iniciada com o infante D. João, condestável do reino e governador da ordem de Santiago, tal relação abrangeu não apenas os detentores de tais dignidades, mas também os próprios soberanos – como foi sobretudo o caso de D. Afonso V. Interligados com o entendimento da expansão ultramarina como cruzada e como prolongamento da Reconquista, os motivos jacobeus
estiveram ainda presentes na numária de D. João II e do seu sucessor D. Manuel I, na emblemática de D. Jorge, segundo duque de Coimbra, e, por fim, nas armas atribuídas aos reis do Congo.

The fifteenth century witnessed the appropriation of the resources of the military orders by the Portuguese Crown. Initially, this process consisted of the delivery by the government of these orders to various secondary members of the royal dynasty, as if they were apanage. From the time of John II, however, there was a tendency to incorporate these orders into the Crown itself, a practice which would conclude definitely only in 1551. This long process was accompanied by a close relationship between dynastic emblems and Jacobean motifs. Beginning with the infant John, constable of the kingdom and governor of the order of Santiago, such a relationship applied only to the holders of these dignities, but also to the sovereigns themselves - as was the case above all with Alphonso V. Interconnected with the understanding of overseas expansion as a Crusade and as an extension of the Reconquest, Jacobean motifs were also present in the coinage of King John II and his successor Manuel I, in the emblems of George, second Duke of Coimbra, and, finally, in the arms attributed to the Kings of Congo.
Translated title of the contributionJacobean motifs in the fifteenth-century heraldry of the House of Avis
Original languagePortuguese
Pages (from-to)153-182
Number of pages39
JournalAd Limina
Volume11
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Heraldry
  • Emblems
  • Order of Santiago
  • Devotion to Saint James
  • Dynasty of Avis
  • Representation of Power
  • Heráldica
  • Emblemática
  • Ordem de Santiago
  • Devoção a Santiago
  • Dinastia de Avis
  • Representação do Poder

UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

  • SDG 4 - Quality Education

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