Islamic ceramics in Portugal found at Silves Castle (8th to 13th c.): Anarchaeometric characterization

L. F. Vieira Ferreira, Rosa Varela Gomes, M.F. Pereira, L.F. Santos, I. Ferreira Machado

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8 Citations (Scopus)


Silves Castle is located in the Algarve, South of Portugal. Archaeological excavations provided numerous remains of the Islamic presence in this area from the 8th to the 13th c., which could be traced back to the Ommiad, Caliphal, Taifa, Almoravid and Almohad periods. The spectroscopic study of the ceramics, enabled us to discuss their provenance and production techniques.A clear difference in the diffraction patterns of the sherds from the Ommiad period (8th to 9th c.), and the Caliphal period (10th-11th c.) was observed, pointing to imported ceramics in both groups, the latter most likely from Medinat al-Zahra. The origin of the Ommiad ceramics still remains controversial. The samples from the Taifa kingdoms (11th c. period) were characterized as Lisbon productions. The blue and white ceramics studied here (12th-13th c.) are most probably the first samples showing the use of cobalt blue onto a white tin oxide layer made in Portugal. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)434-443
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Archaeological Science: Reports
Publication statusPublished - 2016


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