Is Kenaf a sustainable land-use alternative for greenhouse gas emission mitigation in the Mediterranean Region?

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The main goal of this work was to quantify the magnitude of greenhouse gas emission reductions possible from utilising kenaf-fibres as a source of electricity and heat (when used as a solid fuel in a combined Heat and Power Plant) or as thermal insulation boards (as a fibre reinforced composite made by kenaf vegetable fibres which are incorporated in a polyester matrix). Detailed consideration of the greenhouse gas emissions balances suggests that the use of kenaf-fibres for the production of thermal insulation boards are favored over its use as an energy feedstock, where greenhouse gas emissions balances may be poor. The life-cycle impacts of kenaf board have been compared with the performance of a synthetic insulating product, such as polyurethane. Kenaf board production offers higher greenhouse gas emission reduction potential compared with polyurethane, and appears to represent an efficient land-use option for this purpose. Net total emissions were relatively insensitive to variation in cultivation emissions, but highly sensitive to the productivity of the crop
Original languageUnknown
Title of host publicationNA
Pages2549-2552
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2009
Event17th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition From Research to Industry and Markets -
Duration: 1 Jan 2009 → …

Conference

Conference17th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition From Research to Industry and Markets
Period1/01/09 → …

Cite this

@inproceedings{3b6f19ce44e9429ca28d9f2455191157,
title = "Is Kenaf a sustainable land-use alternative for greenhouse gas emission mitigation in the Mediterranean Region?",
abstract = "The main goal of this work was to quantify the magnitude of greenhouse gas emission reductions possible from utilising kenaf-fibres as a source of electricity and heat (when used as a solid fuel in a combined Heat and Power Plant) or as thermal insulation boards (as a fibre reinforced composite made by kenaf vegetable fibres which are incorporated in a polyester matrix). Detailed consideration of the greenhouse gas emissions balances suggests that the use of kenaf-fibres for the production of thermal insulation boards are favored over its use as an energy feedstock, where greenhouse gas emissions balances may be poor. The life-cycle impacts of kenaf board have been compared with the performance of a synthetic insulating product, such as polyurethane. Kenaf board production offers higher greenhouse gas emission reduction potential compared with polyurethane, and appears to represent an efficient land-use option for this purpose. Net total emissions were relatively insensitive to variation in cultivation emissions, but highly sensitive to the productivity of the crop",
keywords = "greenhouse gases, environmental impact, CO2 reduction, kenaf, biomaterial",
author = "Fernando, {Ana Lu{\'i}sa Alma{\cc}a da Cruz} and Mendes, {Benilde Sim{\~o}es} and Duarte, {Maria Paula Amaro de Castilho}",
year = "2009",
month = "1",
day = "1",
language = "Unknown",
isbn = "978-88-89407-57-3",
pages = "2549--2552",
booktitle = "NA",

}

Fernando, ALADC, Mendes, BS & Duarte, MPADC 2009, Is Kenaf a sustainable land-use alternative for greenhouse gas emission mitigation in the Mediterranean Region? in NA. pp. 2549-2552, 17th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition From Research to Industry and Markets, 1/01/09.

TY - GEN

T1 - Is Kenaf a sustainable land-use alternative for greenhouse gas emission mitigation in the Mediterranean Region?

AU - Fernando, Ana Luísa Almaça da Cruz

AU - Mendes, Benilde Simões

AU - Duarte, Maria Paula Amaro de Castilho

PY - 2009/1/1

Y1 - 2009/1/1

N2 - The main goal of this work was to quantify the magnitude of greenhouse gas emission reductions possible from utilising kenaf-fibres as a source of electricity and heat (when used as a solid fuel in a combined Heat and Power Plant) or as thermal insulation boards (as a fibre reinforced composite made by kenaf vegetable fibres which are incorporated in a polyester matrix). Detailed consideration of the greenhouse gas emissions balances suggests that the use of kenaf-fibres for the production of thermal insulation boards are favored over its use as an energy feedstock, where greenhouse gas emissions balances may be poor. The life-cycle impacts of kenaf board have been compared with the performance of a synthetic insulating product, such as polyurethane. Kenaf board production offers higher greenhouse gas emission reduction potential compared with polyurethane, and appears to represent an efficient land-use option for this purpose. Net total emissions were relatively insensitive to variation in cultivation emissions, but highly sensitive to the productivity of the crop

AB - The main goal of this work was to quantify the magnitude of greenhouse gas emission reductions possible from utilising kenaf-fibres as a source of electricity and heat (when used as a solid fuel in a combined Heat and Power Plant) or as thermal insulation boards (as a fibre reinforced composite made by kenaf vegetable fibres which are incorporated in a polyester matrix). Detailed consideration of the greenhouse gas emissions balances suggests that the use of kenaf-fibres for the production of thermal insulation boards are favored over its use as an energy feedstock, where greenhouse gas emissions balances may be poor. The life-cycle impacts of kenaf board have been compared with the performance of a synthetic insulating product, such as polyurethane. Kenaf board production offers higher greenhouse gas emission reduction potential compared with polyurethane, and appears to represent an efficient land-use option for this purpose. Net total emissions were relatively insensitive to variation in cultivation emissions, but highly sensitive to the productivity of the crop

KW - greenhouse gases

KW - environmental impact

KW - CO2 reduction

KW - kenaf

KW - biomaterial

M3 - Conference contribution

SN - 978-88-89407-57-3

SP - 2549

EP - 2552

BT - NA

ER -