Ionogels based on a single ionic liquid for electronic nose application

Wellington B. Gonçalves, Evelyn P. Cervantes, Ana C. C. S. Pádua, Gonçalo Santos, Susana I. C. J. Palma, Rosamaria W. C. Li, Ana C. A. Roque, Jonas Gruber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
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Ionogel are versatile materials, as they present the electrical properties of ionic liquids and also dimensional stability, since they are trapped in a solid matrix, allowing application in electronic devices such as gas sensors and electronic noses. In this work, ionogels were designed to act as a sensitive layer for the detection of volatiles in a custom-made electronic nose. Ionogels composed of gelatin and a single imidazolium ionic liquid were doped with bare and functionalized iron oxide nanoparticles, producing ionogels with adjustable target selectivity. After exposing an array of four ionogels to 12 distinct volatile organic compounds, the collected signals were analyzed by principal component analysis (PCA) and by several supervised classification methods, in order to assess the ability of the electronic nose to distinguish different volatiles, which showed accuracy above 98%.

Original languageEnglish
Article number201
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2021


  • Composite
  • Electronic nose
  • Gas sensor
  • Ionic liquid
  • Ionogel
  • Volatile organic compound


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