45 Citations (Scopus)


Herein we report the synthesis of novel ionic liquids (ILs) and organic salts by combining ibuprofen as anion with ammonium, imidazolium, or pyridinium cations. The methodology consists of an acid–base reaction of neutral ibuprofen with cation hydroxides, which were previously prepared by anion exchange from the corresponding halide salts with Amberlyst A-26(OH). In comparison with the parent drug, these organic salts display higher solubility in water and biological fluids and a smaller degree of polymorphism, which in some cases was completely eliminated. With the exception of [C 16 Pyr][Ibu] and [N 1,1,2,2OH1 ][Ibu], the prepared salts did not affect the viability of normal human dermal fibroblasts or ovarian carcinoma (A2780) cells. Therefore, these ibuprofen-based ionic liquids may be very promising lead candidates for the development of effective formulations of this drug.

Original languageEnglish
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 6 May 2019


  • API-ILs
  • cytotoxicity
  • ibuprofen
  • ionic liquids
  • polymorphism


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