Involvement of rat cytochrome 1A1 in the biotransformation of kaempferol to quercetin: relevance to the genotoxicity of kaempferol

ID Silva, AS Rodrigues, J Gaspar, R Maia, A Laires, J Rueff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

46 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Kaempferol is a flavonoid widely distributed in edible plants and has been shown to be genotoxic to V79 cells in the absence of external metabolizing systems. The presence of an external metabolizing system, such as rat liver homogenates (S9 mix), leads to an increase in its genotoxicity, which is attributed to its biotransformation to the more genotoxic flavonoid quercetin, via the cytochrome P450 (CYP) mono-oxygenase system, In the present work we investigated the mechanisms of the genotoxicity of kaempferol further. Special attention has been given to the role of CYP in the genotoxicity of this flavonoid, We studied the induction of mutations in Salmonella typhimurium TA98 in the presence and in the absence of S9 mix and the induction of chromosomal aberrations (CAs) and micronuclei (MN) by kaempferol in V79 cells in the presence and in the absence of S9 mix. To evaluate the role of different CYP in the biotransformation of kaempferol we studied the induction of CAs and MN in V79 cells genetically engineered for the expression of rat CYP 1A1, 1A2 and 2B1. In addition we performed CYP inhibition studies using the above-mentioned indicators and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis. The results obtained in this work suggest that rat CYP 1A1 is, among the cytochromes studied, the one that plays the major role in the transformation of kaempferol into quercetin. The relevance of these findings to the human situation is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)383-390
Number of pages8
JournalMutagenesis
Volume12
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1997

Keywords

  • CHINESE-HAMSTER-CELLS
  • NATURALLY-OCCURRING FLAVONOIDS
  • CORONARY HEART-DISEASE
  • NUCLEAR-DNA DAMAGE
  • LIPID-PEROXIDATION
  • STABLE EXPRESSION
  • LIVER-MICROSOMES
  • MUTAGENIC ACTIVITY
  • PLANT FLAVONOIDS
  • V79 CELLS

Cite this