Intramolecular excimer formation and sensing behavior of new fluorimetric probes and their interactions with metal cations and barbituric acids

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Abstract

A new family of compounds able to promote host-guest interactions with specific molecules (e.g., cyanuric and parabanic acids) and to coordinate metal ions, namely Zn(II) and Cu(II), has been synthesized and fully characterized. The new probes derive from the attachment of two methylaminopyrene units to the carbonyl precursor 2,6-bis(2-formylphenoxymethyl)pyridine. Its signalling properties result from the fluorescence emission properties, which reveal the existence of intramolecular excimer formation. The compounds have showed to be highly sensitive to the solvent and hydrogen ion concentration of the medium. Depending on these, different monomer-to-excimer fluorescence ratio is displayed by the two probes. The compound with a single pyrene unit revealed absence of excimer formation and was used as model compound. The overall results are discussed on the basis of the studied probes as potentially revealing molecular movements, off-on-off fluorescent photoinduced electron transfer (PET), host-guest interactions with specific compounds and of sensing metal ions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)276-286
Number of pages11
JournalSensors and Actuators, B: Chemical
Volume115
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 May 2006

Keywords

  • Barbituric acids
  • Excimers
  • Fluorescence
  • Host-guest interactions
  • Receptor units
  • Supramolecular chemistry

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