Intraductal Prostate Cancer Affinity for Lymphatic-Predominant Metastases Through 18F-DCFPyL‒Prostate-Specific Membrane Antigen‒Positron Emission Tomography/CT Scans in Pretreatment Prostate Cancer Patients

Rui Bernardino, Rashid K. Sayyid, Katherine Lajkosz, Zizo Al-Daqqaq, Raj Tiwari, Jessica Cockburn, Ricardo Leão, Ur Metser, Alejandro Berlin, Theodorus van der Kwast, Neil E. Fleshner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

PURPOSE: Intraductal prostate cancer (IDC) is linked to unfavorable oncologic outcomes, marked by distinctive cellular intrinsic pathway changes and intricate immunosuppressive microenvironments that could impact the way cancer spreads. The aim of this study was to determine whether the presence of IDC in prostate biopsy specimens obtained from patients before primary prostate cancer (PCa) treatment is associated with a lymph node metastatic propensity in prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA)‒positron emission tomography (PET)/CT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional analysis of all PCa patients undergoing a pretreatment 18F-DCFPyL-PSMA-PET/CT between January 1, 2016, and August 2021 at The Princess Margaret Cancer Centre. Outcomes were presence of any metastasis in the overall cohort, presence of lymphatic vs no metastases, and presence of lymphatic vs bone metastasis among patients who underwent PSMA-PET/CT as PCa primary staging. The associations between IDC presence on the prostate biopsy and the study outcomes were evaluated using univariable and multivariable logistic regression analyses. RESULTS: The cohort consisted of 120 patients. IDC and cribriform pattern were observed in 55 (46%) and 48 (40%) prostate biopsies, respectively. Overall, 52 patients (43%) had evidence of metastasis. Presence of IDC on biopsy was associated with increased odds of overall metastasis (odds ratio: 2.47, 95% CI: 1.09-5.61, P = .03). Of the 52 patients with evidence of metastasis, 41 (79%) had evidence of lymphatic metastasis. Presence of IDC on biopsy was associated with significantly increased odds of lymphatic metastasis vs nonmetastases (odds ratio: 3.03, 95% CI: 1.24-7.40, P = .01). CONCLUSIONS: The identification of IDC morphology in prostate biopsy specimens has been observed to be significantly linked with lymph node metastasis on 18F-DCFPyL-PET/CT imaging in a PCa pretreatment staging setting. We found that presence of IDC in prostate biopsy appears to be a marker for lymph node metastasis on 18F-DCFPyL-PET/CT.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)586-593
Number of pages8
JournalThe Journal of Urology
Volume211
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2024

Keywords

  • lymph nodes
  • positron-emission tomography
  • prostatic neoplasms

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