International law and transfer of ‘green technologies’: which role in transition towards a model of circular economy

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper


The global plastic pollution crisis has spurred urgent debate regarding effective solutions, leading to the emergence of the plastic treaty as a potential regulatory mechanism. This presentation explores the intertwined relationship between technology transfer and the circular economy within the ongoing plastic treaty debate. It highlights the pivotal role of technology transfer in facilitating the transition towards a circular economy model and, consequently, addressing the challenges posed by plastic waste.

In this context, technology transfer within the plastic treaty debate emerges as a key enabler for implementing sustainable solutions to plastic waste management. Effective transfer of environmentally sound technologies allows developing states to leapfrog traditional linear models of production and consumption, facilitating the adoption of circular economy practices. This includes advanced recycling technologies, innovative material designs, waste-to-energy processes, and smart sorting and tracking systems. On the other hand, the plastic treaty debate encompasses various complexities, including the concerns surrounding intellectual property rights, fair technology access, and the potential for technology transfer to exacerbate inequalities. Striking a balance between incentivising technology transfer and respecting intellectual property rights remains critical.

In this sense, this talk understands that technology transfer acts as a catalyst, driving the adoption of sustainable technologies and practices necessary to tackle plastic waste. To ensure a successful transition, a holistic approach that fosters cooperation, knowledge sharing, and removing barriers to technology access is required. By integrating technology transfer within the plastic treaty framework, the international community can advance towards a more sustainable and circular future where plastic waste is minimised, resources are preserved, and environmental impacts are mitigated.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusIn preparation - Sept 2023
EventLa transizione ordinamentale verso un modello di circular economy: Il contributo del Diritto Internazionale e del Diritto comparato - University of Pisa, Italy
Duration: 30 Jun 202330 Jun 2023


ConferenceLa transizione ordinamentale verso un modello di circular economy


  • Transfer of technology
  • Circular economy
  • Plastic pollution
  • Intellectual Property Law


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