International environmental cooperation under fairness and reciprocity

Costas Hadjiyiannis, Doruk Iriş, Chrysostomos Tabakis

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


This paper explores the implications of fairness and reciprocity for self-enforcing international environmental agreements on pollution abatement. Reciprocal countries reward fair behavior (positive reciprocity), but retaliate against countries behaving unfairly (negative reciprocity). We demonstrate that reciprocal countries that have moderate expectations from each other with respect to their national abatement strategies can support a greater degree of environmental cooperation than self-interested ones. However, when only very high abatement standards are deemed fair, then reciprocity could have a detrimental effect on international environmental cooperation. Our model therefore provides a novel perspective on the role of expectations in environmental negotiations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number33
JournalB.E. Journal of Economic Analysis and Policy
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2012


  • Abatement standards
  • Environmental agreements
  • Reciprocity
  • Repeated games


Dive into the research topics of 'International environmental cooperation under fairness and reciprocity'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this