Intermolecular copigmentation of malvidin-3-O-glucoside with caffeine was studied using a holistic procedure that includes the extension to basic pH values. In moderately basic solutions (7.5 < pH < 9.5) and independently of the copigment presence, there is a pH region where degradation of the quinoidal base and anionic quinoidal bases is faster than hydration and OH-nucleophilic addition, preventing the system from reaching the equilibrium. Intermolecular copigmentation with caffeine reduces significantly the degradation rate of quinoidal bases. In a more basic medium, the equilibrium is reached and degradation occurs from the anionic chalcones. In this case, the addition of caffeine also reduces the degradation rate in the interval 10 < pH < 11.5.
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - 26 Jul 2022|