Intercultural Pragmatics in Healthcare Communication

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

Abstract

Medical communication is characterized by an essential cultural difference, as the nature of healthcare provider–patient interactions consists of an epistemic imbalance between the expert and the layperson. This specialized knowledge gap combines with other types of cultural differences, defined by mismatched background knowledge (including values, expectations, facts, or theories) and the proficiency in the use of distinct languages or dialects. Such cultural differences define a type of communication that is essentially and primarily intercultural.

Drawing on examples from different types of medical communication, we provide an overview of these studies in linguistics, pragmatics, and health communication to describe differences and commonalities between pragmatic strategies used in interactions of different types and levels of “interculturality.”

We propose a more consistent integration of pragmatics in healthcare communication by looking at how shared understanding is obtained in language-discordant contexts through the mediation of interpreters. Based on this analysis, we design a new communicative role for healthcare providers highlighting future perspectives for clinical training and practice. In this sense, the role played by an intercultural pragmatic approach in healthcare communication leads to redefining pragmatic strategies as part of a communicative toolbox, and not only as a discipline explaining how context affects meaning.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Cambridge Handbook of Intercultural Pragmatics
EditorsIstvan Kecskes
PublisherCambridge University Press
Pages652 - 682
Number of pages30
ISBN (Electronic)9781108884303
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Oct 2022

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