The agricultural sector worldwide faces serious problems regarding water scarcity, which demands innovative management methods to optimise water use. In response, we propose the Intelligent Data-Driven Decision Support for Agricultural Systems (ID3SAS) methodology, which offers a scalable, flexible, and cloud-based decision support system for real-time supervision and control in agricultural environments. Aligned with the prevailing trends of Agriculture 4.0, ID3SAS integrates data acquisition, cloud-based storage, machine learning, predictive analysis, and run-time reasoning to facilitate decision-making processes, thereby assisting users in making more informed and sustainable decisions. In a case study with tomato plants, ID3SAS-irrigated plants showed 20.9% reduction in water consumption and 26.4% increase in crop production compared to traditional methods, which despite the controlled laboratory environment setting, highlights the methodology's promising potential in addressing water scarcity and enhancing agricultural productivity.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)115798-115815
Number of pages18
JournalIEEE Access
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • Agriculture 4.0
  • decision support system
  • fuzzy logic
  • Internet of Things
  • node-RED
  • wireless sensor and actuator network


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