Integrative morphometric and molecular approach to update the impact and distribution of potato cyst nematodes globodera rostochiensis and globodera pallida (Tylenchida: Heteroderidae) in algeria

Aouicha Djebroune, Gahdab Chakali, Eugénia de Andrade, Maria João Camacho, Leidy Rusinque, Maria L. Inácio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Morphological and molecular studies were conducted to characterize the specific identity of 36 isolates of potato cyst nematodes (PCNs) recovered from soil samples collected in several potato producing areas of Algeria. Morphometric data revealed that 44% of isolates contained Globodera pallida alone, 28% contained Globodera rostochiensis alone and 28% mixtures of the two species. Morphometric values of cysts and second-stage juveniles were generally distributed with slight differences in the expected ranges for both Globodera species. Inter-and intraspecific morphometric variability in nematode isolates was noted. Molecular analysis using conventional multiplex PCR with species-specific primers and TaqMan real-time PCR confirmed the morphological identification. In addition, the distribution of both potato cyst nematode species throughout various parts of the country was investigated. In the central areas, the isolates of G. pallida alone dominate, whereas isolates of G. rostochiensis alone are more frequent in the southern areas. In the eastern regions, mixed isolates are more representative. Most isolates examined in the western areas are mixtures of the two species or G. rostochiensis alone. Comparatively, G. pallida remains the most widely distributed species in its geographic range. This study confirms the presence of two PCN species, G. pallida and G. rostochiensis, in Algeria and provides additional information on their biogeographic distribution.

Original languageEnglish
Article number216
Pages (from-to)1-28
Number of pages28
JournalPathogens
Volume10
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2021

Keywords

  • Algeria
  • Geographical distribution
  • Morphology
  • PCR
  • Potato cyst nematodes

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