Integrated environmental management of the oceans

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


The application of integrated environmental management (IEM) as an analytical framework and general methodology to support ocean governance is suggested in this paper. IEM is described as an adaptive process, which has to consider interactively problem assessment, policy priorities, the formulation of policies and their implementation in adequate measures, taking into account the multiple perspectives of the stakeholders involved. Relevant issues related to the accomplishment of IEM tasks for marine environments are discussed and some directions for further research are identified.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)215-226
Number of pages12
JournalEcological Economics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1999


  • Integrated oceans management
  • Oceans governance


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