NiTi alloys used for orthodontic applications need to show superelastic characteristics at room and oral temperatures. The ideal scenario is that where the material has a final austenitic phase transformation value below the room temperature. This study aims at understanding the influence of the ageing treatments in the austenitic structure at room temperature on a wire of a Ni-rich NiTi alloy produced by rotary forging by the evaluation of the phase transformation temperatures and mechanical behaviour in order to promote the superelastic behaviour at room temperature. The investigation was conducted using DSC (Differential Scanning Calorimetry) analysis and instrumented ultramicrohardness. The solubilisation at 950 degrees C for 120 min with water quenching showed a satisfactory amount of B2 phase at room temperature when compared to the sample after forging. After solubilisation, ageing treatment at 350 degrees C for 30 min gave a relatively higher hardness value and an Af temperature below the room temperature, ensuring the presence of austenitic phase at room and oral temperatures. (C) 2017 Portuguese Society of Materials (SPM). Published by Elsevier Espana, S. L. U.. All rights reserved.
- Ni-Ti alloys
- orthodontic applications
- differential scanning calorimetry