Inflammation is associated with the presence and severity of chronic coronary syndrome through soluble CD40 ligand

Tiago Pereira-da-Silva, Patricia Napoleao, Teresa Pinheiro, Mafalda Selas, Filipa Silva, Rui Cruz Ferreira, Miguel Mota Carmo

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Introduction: Inflammation contributes to the initiation and progression of atherosclerosis, although the underlying inflammatory pathways are not entirely known. Specifically, the role of the proinflammatory soluble CD40 ligand (sCD40L) on the expression of chronic coronary syndrome (CCS) is not completely understood. We evaluated whether sCD40L expression is associated with the presence of CCS and with the clinical and anatomical severity of CCS.

Methods: We prospectively recruited 94 participants, assigned to two groups matched by age and sex, without coronary artery disease (n=26) and with CCS (n=68). Clinical, laboratory and anatomical data were prospectively collected, and serum levels of sCD40L were measured.

Results: In patients with CCS, classic cardiovascular risk factors were more prevalent, and the sCD40L levels, leukocyte and neutrophil counts, and neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio, but not the C-reactive protein levels, were significantly higher than those in controls. sCD40L was independently associated with the presence of obstructive coronary artery disease in multivariate analysis. Regarding CCS severity, sCD40L levels showed a significant stepwise increase with increasing angina severity (ANOVA P=0.001). In addition, sCD40L was independently associated with the anatomical severity of coronary artery disease, as assessed by the Gensini score. Among patients with CCS, those with previous coronary artery bypass grafting (n=23) had lower sCD40L levels than patients waiting for revascularization (n=45) [4.3 (2.1) ng/mL vs. 6.8 (3.5) ng/mL, P=0.001].

Conclusions: The expression of the proinflammatory sCD40L was associated with the presence of CCS and reflected the clinical and anatomical severity of CCS. In addition, we describe for the first time the association between prior CABG and reduced sCD40L levels in patients with CCS.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)329-339
JournalAmerican journal of cardiovascular disease
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 15 Oct 2020


  • Chronic coronary syndrome
  • coronary artery disease
  • inflammation
  • soluble CD40 ligand

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