Industrial housing clusters in nineteenth-century Lisbon: finding spatial patterns

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This article aims to analyse housing solutions used in nineteenth-century Lisbon to deal with explosive demographic and urban development. It particularly focuses on two specific types of industrial housing ensembles created in Lisbon called pátios and vilas operárias. The goal of this article is to analyse the spatial distribution of pátios and vilas operárias in Lisbon. Through the potential of geographic information systems, we aim to understand in a spatial-quantitative way the spatial patterns of these kinds of industrial housing ensembles for the most deprived population. To do so, we used spatial modelling and spatial analysis procedures, including simple spatial distribution, mean centre, standard distance, directional distance and density estimation (hotspots). The new contribution of this article lies in the increase of scientific knowledge about these forms of working-class housing - the pátios and vilas operárias - and their spatial implementation in Lisbon in the second half of the nineteenth century.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-16
Number of pages16
JournalUrban History
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2023


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