Indoor wayfinding using visible light communication

M. Vieira, M. A. Vieira, Paula Louro, Alessandro Fantoni, Pedro Vieira

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


Optical wireless communication has been widely studied during the last years in short-range applications. This paper investigates the applicability of an intuitive wayfinding system in complex buildings using Visible Light Communication (VLC). Typical scenarios include finding places, like a particular shop or office, guiding users across different floors, through elevators and stairs. Data from the sender is encoded, modulated and converted into light signals emitted by the transmitters. Tetra-chromatic white sources are used providing a different data channel for each chip. At the receiver side, the modulated light signal, containing the ID and the 3D geographical position of the transmitter and wayfinding information, is received by SiC photodetector with light filtering and demultiplexing properties. Since lighting and wireless data communication is combined, each luminaire for downlink transmission become a single cell, in which the optical access point (AP) is located in the ceiling and the mobile users are scattered within the overlap discs of each cells underneath. The light signals emitted by the LEDs are interpreted directly by the receivers of the users positioned underneath. The effect of the location of the Aps is evaluated and a model for the different cellular networks is analyzed. Orthogonal topologies are tested, and a 3D localization design, demonstrated by a prototype implementation, is presented. Uplink transmission is implemented and the 3D best route to navigate through venue calculated. Buddy wayfinding services are also implemented. The results showed that the system make possible to determine the position of a mobile target inside the network, to infer the travel direction along the time and to interact with information received and to optimize the route towards a static or dynamic destination.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationOptical Sensing and Detection VI
EditorsFrancis Berghmans, Anna G. Mignani
PublisherSPIE-International Society for Optical Engineering
ISBN (Electronic)9781510634800
Publication statusPublished - 2020
EventOptical Sensing and Detection VI 2020 - Virtual, Online, France
Duration: 6 Apr 202010 Apr 2020

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
PublisherSPIE - International Society for Optical Engineering
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X


ConferenceOptical Sensing and Detection VI 2020
CityVirtual, Online


  • Bidirectional Communication
  • Indoor multi-level environments
  • Indoor navigation
  • Multiplexing/demultiplexing techniques
  • Optical sensors
  • Transmitter/receiver
  • Visible Light Communication
  • Wayfinding


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