Increasing the semantic transparency of the KAOS goal model concrete syntax

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Abstract

Stakeholders without formal training in requirements modelling languages, such as KAOS, struggle to understand requirements specifications. The lack of semantic transparency of the KAOS goal model concrete syntax is perceived as a communication barrier between stakeholders and requirements engineers. We report on a series of related empirical experiments that include the proposal of alternative concrete syntaxes for KAOS by leveraging design contributions from novices and their evaluation with respect to semantic transparency, in contrast with the standard KAOS goal model concrete syntax. We propose an alternative concrete syntax for KAOS that increases its semantic transparency (mean difference of.23, in [−1.00.1.00]) leading to a significantly higher correct symbol identification (mean difference of 19%) by novices. These results may be a stepping stone for reducing the communication gap between stakeholders and requirements engineers.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationConceptual Modeling - 37th International Conference, ER 2018, Proceedings
EditorsZhanhuai Li, Juan C. Trujillo, Xiaoyong Du, Mong Li Lee, Karen C. Davis, Tok Wang Ling, Guoliang Li
Place of PublicationCham
PublisherSpringer Verlag
Pages424-439
Number of pages16
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-030-00847-5
ISBN (Print)978-3-030-00846-8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Event37th International Conference on Conceptual Modeling, ER 2018 - Xi'an, China
Duration: 22 Oct 201825 Oct 2018

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
PublisherSpringer Verlag
Volume11157 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349

Conference

Conference37th International Conference on Conceptual Modeling, ER 2018
CountryChina
CityXi'an
Period22/10/1825/10/18

Fingerprint

Transparency
Semantics
Concretes
Requirements
Engineers
Requirements Specification
Alternatives
Communication
Modeling Language
Model
Specifications
Series
Syntax
Evaluation
Experiment
Experiments

Keywords

  • Empirical evaluation
  • Goal model concrete syntax
  • KAOS

Cite this

Santos, M., Gralha, C., Goulão, M., & Araújo, J. (2018). Increasing the semantic transparency of the KAOS goal model concrete syntax. In Z. Li, J. C. Trujillo, X. Du, M. L. Lee, K. C. Davis, T. W. Ling, & G. Li (Eds.), Conceptual Modeling - 37th International Conference, ER 2018, Proceedings (pp. 424-439). (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics); Vol. 11157 LNCS). Cham: Springer Verlag. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-00847-5_30
Santos, Mafalda ; Gralha, Catarina ; Goulão, Miguel ; Araújo, João. / Increasing the semantic transparency of the KAOS goal model concrete syntax. Conceptual Modeling - 37th International Conference, ER 2018, Proceedings. editor / Zhanhuai Li ; Juan C. Trujillo ; Xiaoyong Du ; Mong Li Lee ; Karen C. Davis ; Tok Wang Ling ; Guoliang Li. Cham : Springer Verlag, 2018. pp. 424-439 (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)).
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abstract = "Stakeholders without formal training in requirements modelling languages, such as KAOS, struggle to understand requirements specifications. The lack of semantic transparency of the KAOS goal model concrete syntax is perceived as a communication barrier between stakeholders and requirements engineers. We report on a series of related empirical experiments that include the proposal of alternative concrete syntaxes for KAOS by leveraging design contributions from novices and their evaluation with respect to semantic transparency, in contrast with the standard KAOS goal model concrete syntax. We propose an alternative concrete syntax for KAOS that increases its semantic transparency (mean difference of.23, in [−1.00.1.00]) leading to a significantly higher correct symbol identification (mean difference of 19{\%}) by novices. These results may be a stepping stone for reducing the communication gap between stakeholders and requirements engineers.",
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Santos, M, Gralha, C, Goulão, M & Araújo, J 2018, Increasing the semantic transparency of the KAOS goal model concrete syntax. in Z Li, JC Trujillo, X Du, ML Lee, KC Davis, TW Ling & G Li (eds), Conceptual Modeling - 37th International Conference, ER 2018, Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), vol. 11157 LNCS, Springer Verlag, Cham, pp. 424-439, 37th International Conference on Conceptual Modeling, ER 2018, Xi'an, China, 22/10/18. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-00847-5_30

Increasing the semantic transparency of the KAOS goal model concrete syntax. / Santos, Mafalda; Gralha, Catarina; Goulão, Miguel; Araújo, João.

Conceptual Modeling - 37th International Conference, ER 2018, Proceedings. ed. / Zhanhuai Li; Juan C. Trujillo; Xiaoyong Du; Mong Li Lee; Karen C. Davis; Tok Wang Ling; Guoliang Li. Cham : Springer Verlag, 2018. p. 424-439 (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics); Vol. 11157 LNCS).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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PB - Springer Verlag

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ER -

Santos M, Gralha C, Goulão M, Araújo J. Increasing the semantic transparency of the KAOS goal model concrete syntax. In Li Z, Trujillo JC, Du X, Lee ML, Davis KC, Ling TW, Li G, editors, Conceptual Modeling - 37th International Conference, ER 2018, Proceedings. Cham: Springer Verlag. 2018. p. 424-439. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-00847-5_30