Plasticizers are currently present in many consumer products, particularly food packaging, children’s toys, and medical devices. There are concerns regarding potential leaching to environment or food, thus increasing the risk of human exposure by inhalation, ingestion and/or dermal absorption potentially leading to adverse health consequences. Hexamoll diisononyl cyclohexane-1,2-dicarboxylate (Hexamoll® DINCH®), a non-phthalate plasticizer, has been used as a safer alternative to hazardous phthalates. In contrast to phthalates, evidence indicates that DINCH did not produce endocrine disruption, reproductive dysfunctions, genotoxicity or mutagenicity. However, there are limited data available regarding safety assessment, especially with respect to genotoxicity in human cells. The aim of this study was to assess DINCH cytotoxic and genotoxic effects in human liver and kidney cell lines following several exposure periods. For this purpose, the MTT cell viability, micronucleus, conventional and formamidopyrimidine DNA glycosylase (FPG)-modified comet assays were employed to detect cell death and genotoxicity, respectively. Data demonstrated that DINCH induced cytotoxicity in kidney cells exposed for 48hr, but not in liver cells. No marked chromosomal damage was noted after short-term or longer following treatment of both cell lines. However, DINCH produced oxidative DNA damage in liver cells exposed for 3 h, which decreased after a more prolonged incubation period. The occurrence of oxidative lesions, even transiently, indicates that mutation fixation may occur leading to adverse effects in liver. Therefore, these findings suggest that DINCH may be hazardous to humans and that further investigation is necessary to warrant its safety.
|Journal||Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health - Part A: Current Issues|
|Publication status||Published - 3 May 2019|
- hazard characterization
- Hexamoll DINCH