In vitro and in silico evaluations of resin-based dental restorative material toxicity

Susana Bandarra, Paulo Mascarenhas, Ana R. Luís, Mafalda Catrau, Evguenia Bekman, Ana C. Ribeiro, Sérgio Félix, Jorge Caldeira, Isabel Barahona

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives: This study aims to evaluate the cytocompatibility of three provisional restoration materials and predict neurotoxic potential of their monomers. These materials are Tab 2000® (methyl methacrylate based), ProTemp 4™ (bis-acrylic based) and Structur 3® (urethane dimethacrylate based). Materials and methods: Resin samples were incubated in a cell culture medium and the cytotoxic effects of these extracts were studied in 3T3 fibroblast cells through MTT and crystal violet assays as well as ROS assessment. The presence of relevant leached monomers was determined by HPLC. Additionally, the blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability to these resin-based monomers was predicted using ACD/Labs algorithms model. Results: Cell survival rates were compared with the resin extracts, and Structur 3® was statistically significant different from the others (p < 0.001) at all-time incubation periods. All materials induced a dose-dependent loss of cell viability; however, only Structur 3 extracts were cytotoxic against 3T3 fibroblasts. The highest cytotoxic effect (77%, p < 0.001) was observed at 24 h incubation period, which may be associated with the presence of urethane dimethacrylate (UDMA) leached monomers. Furthermore, the computational model showed that most monomers under study are expectedly capable of crossing the BBB. Conclusions: Our results showed that Structur 3® is not cytocompatible with our cell model and UDMA is a potential neurotoxic compound. Clinical relevance: These results indicate that only ProTemp 4™ and Tab 2000® are safe for provisional restorations.

Original languageEnglish
JournalClinical Oral Investigations
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2020


  • Acrylic resin
  • Biocompatibility
  • Blood-brain barrier permeation
  • Fibroblasts cytotoxicity
  • Monomer release


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