Impact of supply chain management practices on sustainability

Kannan Govindan, Susana Garrido Azevedo, Helena Maria Lourenço Carvalho, Virgílio António Cruz Machado

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

112 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper aims to investigate the impact of lean, resilient and green supply chain management practices on supply chain sustainability. A deductive research approach was used to derive a conceptual model. Eighteen research propositions are suggested and tested with empirical data derived from five case studies belonging to the Portuguese automotive supply chain. A conceptual model to assess the impact of lean, resilient and green practices on supply chain sustainability was derived from the data analysis. The practices with significant impact on supply chain sustainability are: "waste elimination," "supply chain risk management" and "cleaner production." The following lean, resilient and green supply chain management practices do not have a significant impact on supply chain sustainability: "flexible transportation," "flexible sourcing," "ISO 14001 certification," and "reverse logistics." The paper provides a taxonomy for lean, resilient and green supply chain management practices at three levels: upstream, organization and downstream. Practitioners can use this taxonomy as a checklist to identify possible practices to achieve their sustainability goals. The proposed model makes it possible for researchers to develop surveys in order to better explore the proposed relationships. This paper presents an innovative approach since it studies simultaneously the three dimensions of sustainability (environmental, social and economic), and the lean, resilient and green supply chain management paradigms which are considered strategic for supply chain competitiveness. Identification of the conceptual relationships between supply chain management practices and sustainability is a contribution that the authors hope will become a forward step in the development of new theoretical approaches and empirical research in the field of supply chain management and sustainability.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)212-225
JournalJournal of Cleaner Production
Volume85
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 2014

Fingerprint

Supply chain management
Sustainable development
management practice
sustainability
Supply chains
Taxonomies
cleaner production
supply chain management
Sustainability
Management practices
certification
Risk management
Supply chain
competitiveness
Logistics
logistics
Green supply chain management
Economics
economics

Keywords

  • Case study
  • Green
  • Lean
  • Resilient
  • Supply chain
  • Sustainability

Cite this

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Impact of supply chain management practices on sustainability. / Govindan, Kannan; Azevedo, Susana Garrido ; Carvalho, Helena Maria Lourenço; Machado, Virgílio António Cruz.

In: Journal of Cleaner Production, Vol. 85, 15.12.2014, p. 212-225.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Govindan, Kannan

AU - Azevedo, Susana Garrido

AU - Carvalho, Helena Maria Lourenço

AU - Machado, Virgílio António Cruz

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